Come il caso Dreyfus – David Frum sul falso video di Mohammad Al-Dura

Testata: Il Foglio
Data: 21 novembre 2007
Pagina: 2
Autore: David Frum
Titolo: «Storia di un falso»

Dal FOGLIO del 21 novembre 2007, riprendiamo un articolo di David Frum:

STORIA DI UN FALSO

Quella che sto per raccontarvi è la storia di un falso. Tutto iniziò quando alcuni falsari decisero di fomentare l’odio contro gli ebrei e lo stato d’Israele (e, per molti versi, ci sono riusciti). Il falso è un videoclip di appena 55 secondi, il cui intento è quello di mostrare la tragica fucilazione di un dodicenne a un incrocio stradale a Gaza, a seguito di una strana imboscata palestinese contro un avamposto israeliano. Il video fu trasmesso dall’emittente tv France 2 il 30 settembre 2000 con un resoconto di Charles Enderlin, uno dei volti più noti del giornalismo televisivo francese. Dopodiché, il giovane protagonista del filmato – Mohammad al Dura – è diventato il simbolo della crudeltà israeliana, contro cui nessuna rappresaglia può essere troppo raccapricciante. Il corpo disteso di al Dura campeggia sui video di scontri finalizzati alla propaganda, sugli schermi televisivi durante le teleprediche, persino su un francobollo egiziano.

In questi anni, tuttavia, sono state raccolte prove su prove a sostegno di un’altra tesi: la fucilazione di al Dura fu una messinscena. Infatti,

a) i 55 secondi di filmato trasmessi da France 2 non rappresentano una sequenza continua, bensì un collage di 6 frammenti distinti, goffamente rabberciati e poi montati;

b) nessun fotogramma mostra l’effettiva fucilazione del ragazzo, né si vede alcuna goccia di sangue, né l’uomo accenna a muoversi verso suo figlio;

c) la folla sullo sfondo grida “E’ morto!” prima che il giovane cada a terra. A dispetto delle ipotesi per cui il ragazzo sarebbe stato colpito all’addome, nel video si vede al Dura intento a coprirsi gli occhi con le mani;

d) in un video dell’incidente girato da altri operatori si vedono alcuni passanti camminare indifferenti tra padre e figlio accovacciati e la postazione israeliana da cui sarebbe partito il fuoco;

e) sempre in questo video si vede un cameraman accovacciato dietro all’uomo e al ragazzo;

f) pur sostenendo di essere in possesso del filmato integrale della fucilazione, della durata di 27 minuti, i responsabili di France 2 si sono rifiutati di diffonderlo.

A tutt’oggi, sebbene la vicenda sia oggetto di contenzioso, l’emittente non ha potuto produrre in tribunale il filmato integrale a partire dal quale il servizio è stato confezionato. Lo stesso Enderlin, che pure ha curato il reportage e ne ha garantito la veridicità, quel giorno non si trovava sul posto, bensì a Ramallah, in qualità di corrispondente dalla Cisgiordania. La sequenza è stata realizzata da un operatore free-lance di origini palestinesi, Talal Abu-Rahma. Nel 2003, un americano scettico riguardo al video dell’assassinio di al Dura (Richard Landes, professore di storia medievale alla Boston University, ndt) convinse Enderlin a mostrargli alcuni spezzoni del filmato integrale girato quel fatidico giorno da Abu-Rahma. Guardando il video con Enderlin e al sottoscritto, un cameraman israeliano dell’emittente France 2 si lasciò sfuggire, di punto in bianco, una risatina. Quando gliene chiesi ragione, rispose: “Sembra così artefatto!”. Al che Enderlin soggiunse: “Oh, fanno sempre così. E’ il loro imprinting culturale. Esagerano”.

“La battaglia del mio popolo”

Ma Rahma non stava esagerando. Sapeva perfettamente quel che stava facendo. E nel 2001, in Marocco, subito dopo aver ricevuto un premio per il suo lavoro, egli stesso confessò a un cronista: “Sono entrato nel mondo del giornalismo per promuovere la battaglia del mio popolo”. Forse per compassione, per pigrizia o per vanità, Enderlin ha messo la sua credibilità alla mercé del bluff di Rahma. L’anno scorso, quando Philippe Karsenty, presidente dell’ente di controllo sui mezzi d’informazione “Media Ratings”, stigmatizzò il reportage di Enderlin, quest’ultimo lo citò per diffamazione. E vinse la causa, perché l’allora presidente Jacques Chirac intervenne direttamente nella vicenda. Il giudice ha condannato il critico francese al pagamento simbolico di un euro soltanto. La scorsa settimana si è tenuta in un tribunale di Parigi la prima udienza d’appello. E’ bene ricordare che, in questo caso, sono Enderlin e TV2 ad avere sporto querela. I falsari, cioè, stanno tentando di sfruttare i tribunali per mettere a tacere i propri critici. Difficile non scorgere numerose affinità con un altro celebre falso, che pure coinvolse quasi tutti i maggiori esponenti del governo francese: l’affare Dreyfus. Anche allora buona parte del governo d’Oltralpe distolse lo sguardo da una congiura antisemita. Anche allora i falsari si avvalsero della legge anti-diffamazione per tentare di mettere a tacere il loro critico numero uno, Emile Zola. Qualcosa è cambiato, va da sé, dopo oltre un secolo. Lo stesso Enderlin, difatti, è ebreo. Almeno di questo, all’antisemitismo contemporaneo va reso merito: è una macchina delle pari opportunità, disposta a reclutare gente di qualsiasi razza e background, pur di diffamare gli ebrei e lo stato ebraico.

Informazionecorretta.com

22 Nov 2007: Daily News Summary

23:28 Lebanon: Hezbollah officially announced Thursday evening that they would boycott the Presidential elections. This means that Parliament will not meet the quorum of two-thirds of Parliamentary members which is needed to elect a successor for President Emile Lahoud, a pro – Syrian, whose current mandate ends Friday at midnight. (Guysen.International.News) (Guysen.International.News)

22:29 Lebanon is at a standstill and a resurgence of violence is feared. On the eve of the expiration of President Emile Lahoud’s mandate tomorrow, Friday at midnight, no solution seems in sight. (Guysen.International.News) Both European mediators, the French minister of Foreign Affairs, Bernard Kouchner, and his Italian counterpart Massimo d’Alema, are still trying to find a compromise but they are not very optimistic. (Guysen.International.News)

21:44 Pakistan: The Supreme Court Thursday upheld the re-election of President Pervez Musharraf. The opposition is now trying to focus on the legislative elections on January 8th, but is divided on the question of whether to boycott the ballot if the state of emergency is not lifted between then and now. (Guysen.International.News) (Guysen.International.News)

21:17 Syria is likely to participate in the Annapolis conference. She will make the decision during the meeting of Foreign Ministers of the Arab League in Cairo tomorrow, Friday, which will be devoted to the strategy to be adopted at this conference. (Guysen.International.News) (Guysen.International.News)

21:06 Lebanon: The leader of the opposition Christian Michel Aoun proposed on Thursday to withdraw his candidacy for the Presidential election in favor of an independent candidate whose election would allow for an end to the political crisis. (Guysen.International.News) Mr. Aoun proposed that this election should be accompanied by the formation of a new government that would include representatives of the pro-Syrian Hezbollah and that would be led by an independent Prime minister. (Guysen.International.News)

20:46 In response to appeals filed with the Supreme Court, the legal adviser to the government, Meni Mazouz, said that the power cuts in the Gaza Strip (in response to the firing of Qassam rockets and mortar shells) are supposed to begin on December 2nd. (Guysen.International.News) (Guysen.International.News)

20:18 The three EU countries charged with responsibility to negotiate with Tehran on the Iranian nuclear issue (Britain, France and Germany) said Thursday that Iran had not done enough to dispel their suspicions and that the UN had to now consider a tightening of sanctions against the Islamic Republic. (Guysen.International.News) ”A sit and wait approach is not an option,” said the three countries to the leaders of the International Agency of Atomic Energy. (Guysen.International.News)

20:09 Four additional mortar shells, fired from the northern Gaza Strip landed on Moshav Netiv Haassara, in the western Negev. No injuries have been reported. (Guysen.International.News) (Guysen.International.News)

19:36 Two mortar shells fell in the western Negev without causing any injuries. The first fell near Netiv Haassara and the second near the security fence surrounding the Gaza Strip. (Guysen.International.News) Since this morning, fifteen mortar shells fell on Israel. (Guysen.International.News)

18:59 According to the leader of Hamas, Ismail Haniya, the Annapolis conference will be of no use to the Palestinians. (Guysen.International.News) ”This summit will not allow Palestinians to achieve any of their goals,” said Mr. Haniya. He called on the President of the PA, Mahmoud Abbas, not to recognize Israel as a Jewish state. (Guysen.International.News)

18:08 The decision of the Lebanese Parliament on the identity of the next President could be postponed again. (Guysen.International.News) The Lebanese Minister of Social Affairs said: ”If we do not we can agree on the identity of the next President, I do not think that the elections can take place tomorrow.” (Guysen.International.News)

16:47 One of the targets in Syria attacked by the Israeli air force September 6th included a radar station near the Turkish-Syrian border. This was indicated by an American weekly paper on aeronautics. (Guysen.International.News) According to the article this week, the radar station was bombed to create an air corridor allowing Israeli fighter planes to fly through Syrian airspace without being detected. The article also states that the Syrian defense systems collapsed during the attack. (Guysen.International.News)

16:13 The Egyptian security forces discovered a ton of explosives near the town of Rafah. These explosive substances were found in an underground hideout, in the courtyard of a school. (Guysen.International.News) (Guysen.International.News)

15:47 A Palestinian was killed last night by IDF forces, while he approached the security fence in the center of the Gaza Strip. (Guysen.International.News) According to Palestinian sources the Palestinian was Salam Abu Saada, 21 years old, resident of Gaza. (Guysen.International.News)

15:04 On the eve of the Annapolis peace conference, Defense Minister Ehud Barak denied rumors that his relations with Prime Minister Olmert would be strained. Mr. Barak also said: ”We must try to reach an agreement, no matter the situation, no matter how hard it is”. (Guysen.International.News) Regarding the Annapolis conference, Mr. Barak said: ”Its significance is that it will allow us to move the process of negotiations with the Palestinians forward.” (Guysen.International.News)

14:36 Two military vehicles collided near the security fence north of Karni. One of the cars caught fire, and two soldiers were slightly injured. (Guysen.International.News) A few minutes later Palestinians opened fire on reinforcement soldiers. Two mortar shells were fired towards IDF forces. No injuries were reported. (Guysen.International.News)

13:55 Nicolas Sarkozy invited Binyamin Netanyahu to the Elysée. The President will meet with the leader of the Likud party on December 10th, to discuss diplomatic issues and the Iranian nuclear issue. (Guysen.International.News) (Guysen.International.News)

13:28 The United States provided Israel with information on Syrian defense before the IDF carried out its air raid in Syria in early September. This is what the American weekly ‘Aviation Week’, claims in Wednesday’s edition. (Guysen.International.News) Thus, Washington might have told Jerusalem the Achilles heel of the Syrian defense which allowed Israel to electronically cripple the Syrian radar via computer hacking. This is a new fighting technique at the forefront of development in Israel. (Guysen.International.News)

13:06 Shimon Peres believes it is impossible to reach an Israeli-Palestinian peace agreement before the end of George Bush’s term. Interviewed by a Japanese newspaper, the President of the State indicated that the Annapolis conference would mark the resumption of the peace process (Guysen.International.News) He added that the fundamental aspects of the conflict would not be addressed until after the Maryland conference. (Guysen.International.News)

12:58 Threats made against Iran may affect the stability of the Middle East. ”Playing with Iran ‘s security is similar to the game of dominoes” said the chief negotiator of Iran’s nuclear issue, Saiid Jalili, at a conference in Tehran. (Guysen.International.News) (Guysen.International.News)

12:22 In the Iranian press, some voices criticize Mahmoud Ahmadinejad for having committed an error. The persistent refusal of the Iranian President to make concessions to the West on its nuclear program is wrong in and the President is adopting too much of a warrior attitude according to daily newspaper Joumhorya al-Islamiya. (Guysen.International.News)

10:55 France: ninth day of transport strikes. The employees are protesting against the new pension system. Discussions commenced on Wednesday, but the tension is increased by acts of vandalism on the railways. (Guysen.International.News) (Guysen.International.News)

10:09 Iran will test in the next few days a new ballistic missile from its arsenal of unconventional weaponry, according to the daily Yediot Aharonot. Sources at the Pentagon have indicated that this missile has a range of 2000 to 2500 km, can be equipped with a nuclear warhead and is capable of reaching Europe. (Guysen.International.News) (Guysen.International.News)

09:32 The security services are always on guard, as Annapolis approaches. They believe that the attack with automatic weapons on Monday in Samaria is a reminder and that the moment chosen by Ehud Olmert to announce the transfer of 25 armored vehicles and 2 million to the PA is problematic. (Guysen.International.News) (Guysen.International.News)

08:29 Seismologists estimate that the weak earthquake Tuesday in Israel is a precursor of a much more serious earthquake in the coming decades. ”We can not yet predict earthquakes, but we know that a large earthquake is always preceded by small or medium-sized shaker”, said a professor in geology from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. (Guysen.International.News) While it is unpredictable, a major destructive earthquake is expected to hit the country within 10 to 50 years. He called for caution in setting furniture on the walls, a simple measure that could save many lives. (Guysen.International.News)

07:48 Knesset Member Guilad Erdan (Likud) Wednesday presented to the Knesset a bill urging the government to appoint a minister responsible for organizing activities for the release of Jonathan Pollard. A former Pentagon analyst who has spent the past 22 years in the United States sentenced to life imprisonment for espionage on behalf of Israel. (Guysen.International.News) Mr. Erdan found the opportune moment before the Annapolis conference. It is hoped that in the last year of the mandate of President Bush, information campaigns in Israel and in the United States will intensify in order to create an atmosphere conducive to the release of Mr. Pollard. (Guysen.International.News)

07:22 Pakistan will attend the conference in Annapolis next week. The spokesman for the Foreign Ministry in Islamabad, however, did not specify who will be sent to Maryland. (Guysen.International.News) (Guysen.International.News)

06:04 On November 21st, Le Parisien devoted an article to the anti-Semitic tensions in the 10th quarter of Paris, Rue de la Grange-aux-Belles to rue Louis. ”The insults that we endure are just one aspect of violence, says a Jewish mother. The youth threaten to burn our buildings, they shout: ”Here, is Palestine, go home.” On a daily basis, it’s hellish”(Le Parisien, November 21, 2007). (Guysen.International.News)

03:58 Germany: Customs police discovered during an investigation that approximately fifty German companies sold equipment to Iran, allowing the Islamic Republic to complete the construction of its nuclear reactor at Bushehr. (Guysen.International.News) (Guysen.International.News)

03:14 Iraq: 3,872 American soldiers have died in the country since the beginning of the intervention of coalition forces in March 2003, according to the United States Department of Defense. (Guysen.International.News) (Guysen.International.News)

02:58 Iran: President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad reiterated Wednesday in an Iranian daily, that his country would not make any concessions on its nuclear program. (Guysen.International.News) (Guysen.International.News)

21 Nov 2007: Daily News Summary

23:41 ”The Conference of Presidents of American Jewish Organizations informed the French President Nicolas Sarkozy of the al-Dura case: Charles Enderlin said in 2000 that Mohamed al-Dura was dead, on the basis of what his Palestinian cameraman, Talal Abu Rahma, said. Is it not time that Mr. Sarkozy intervenes so that France 2 recognizes his mistake? ”, GIN asked David Martinon, the spokesman for the Elysee in Paris. (Guysen.International.News)

22:09 The American Secretary of State, Condoleezza Rice called on Syria not to interfere in the Lebanese elections and to convince the nation to elect a new president. Rice made these comments in a telephone conversation on Wednesday evening with the head of French diplomacy, Bernard Kouchner, who has been visiting Beirut since last Sunday. (Guysen.International.News)

20:57 Iranian President, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, has warned Western powers against a possible attack on his country. He said: ”Your weapons will never beat us, the government in Washington must understand that it is facing a united and invincible nation”. (Guysen.International.News)

20:06 The American Secretary of State, Condoleezza Rice, said that the United States would try to get the Israelis and Palestinians to sign a final peace agreement in 2008. (Guysen.International.News)

19:24 Two Qassam rockets hit the western Negev tonight. Both rockets landed in vacant lots. The first one fell between Gevim and Yad Mordechai, and the second near Mefalsim. No injuries or material damage have been reported. (Guysen.International.News)

18:37 On Sunday morning, 432 Palestinian prisoners will be released. The Israeli government approved the decision, in a gesture of goodwill towards the president of the PA Mahmoud Abbas for the Annapolis conference. (Guysen.International.News)

18:26 The United States should sell 20 billion dollars of weapons to Saudi Arabia. On Monday, 188 members of the House of Representatives sent a letter to President Bush, expressing concern at reports of the sale of the satellite-guided bombs to Saudi Arabia. According to them: ”If this technology fell into the wrong hands it could harm the American forces in the Middle East and threaten Israel.” They have called for a strict supervision of the sale by Congress and for a dialogue with the Americans’ strategic ally Israel. (Guysen.International.News)

15:07 Khaled Mechaal is being prosecuted before the International Criminal Tribunal in The Hague. The town of Sderot and the Israeli Zaka association are pursuing the head of the Hamas political bureau based in Damascus, in court for the murder of 176 Israelis. (Guysen.International.News)

12:53 23 years ago, on Nov. 21, 1984, the first Ethiopian immigrants arrived in Israel as part of Operation Moses. This dangerous and complicated operation, carried out with the help of the United States and the international community, helped 8,000 Ethiopian Jews in their aliya, until January 1985, when it ended. (Guysen.International.News)

12:18 The outgoing president of the Council of Jewish communities of Binyamin, Pinhas Wallerstein, has warned residents of settlements against a new disengagement. ”The Council should be aware that if the people of Israel is not on our side, we will lose the battle. No matter at what level. Ultimately, the people decide, and it has the right to take decisions, even stupid ones” he said. (Guysen.International.News)

10:36 Palestinians have activated 2 explosive charges on the passage of IDF patrols along the security fence surrounding the Gaza Strip, near Netiv Haassara and Ein Hashlosha. There were no injuries. Earlier four mortar shells landed near the Erez crossing, and three more in Palestinian areas. (Guysen.International.News)

09:45 Vandals have again painted swastikas in a public park in Tel Aviv. The police have opened an investigation. (Guysen.International.News)

09:18 On the right, the announcement of the transfer of arms and armored vehicles to the AP, denied by Ehud Olmert’s office, has provoked an outcry. The head of the National Religious Party, Zevulun Orlev, accused the Prime Minister ”of personally greasing the wheels of terrorism, and selling the security of Israeli citizens for a bowl of lentils (a reference to Esau who ceded his rights as firstborn to Jacob for a bowl of lentils).” He also criticized Shas and Yisrael Beitenu for their “silence of the lambs”. (Guysen.International.News)

08:20 The Prime Minister’s Office denied the transfer of a thousand guns to the PA. He said that no weapons will be delivered to the Palestinian Authority. Israel has given the green light to the delivery of 25 armored vehicles for Palestinian forces recently deployed to Shehem (Nablus). Two million bullets from Jordan will also be provided to the PA. ”We call on the Palestinians to fight terrorism. How are they supposed to do it? With stolen Israeli vehicles?”, a close adviser to Ehud Olmert exclaimed. (Guysen.International.News)

07:40 The IDF recently lifted, in cooperation with the Palestinians, 24 checkpoints in Judea and Samaria. The Chief of Staff Gabi Ashkenazi announced this on Tuesday at the session of the Knesset Committee on Foreign Affairs and Defense. (Guysen.International.News)

04:14 The United States: the State Department said on Tuesday that the Annapolis conference would take place on the 27th of November. (Guysen.International.News)

02:42 Prime Minister Ehud Olmert, has agreed that 50 armored vehicles, 1,000 assault rifles and 2 million rounds of ammunition, will be delivered to the security forces of the Palestinian Authority. The IDF and the internal security services are against this decision. (Guysen.International.News)

02:27 According to the Iranian ambassador to the UN, Russia and China would oppose the adoption of new sanctions by the Security Council against the Islamic Republic. (Guysen.International.News)

02:15 USA: an opinion poll published on Tuesday showed that Hillary Clinton is the Democratic candidate who has the best chance of winning, in the forthcoming presidential elections. On the Republican side, it is the former Mayor of New York, Giuliani, who is the most popular candidate. (Guysen.International.News)